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人權特派員要求重新檢視我國(英國)對學習障礙者的照顧

 /
殘障聯盟及伊甸社會福利基金會合作翻譯 

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發表日期:2009年3月24日
在一份三月呈獻給英國國會的研究報告中,衛生服務觀察特派員與地方政府觀察特派員,呼籲政府應該立刻重新檢視英國對學障者所提供的健康與社會照顧。
這份報告旨在回應Mencap慈善組織,代表六位在2003到2005年之間過世的學障者的家庭,所提出「政府漠視導致學障者死亡」的申訴。

從這六位學障者的生活可看出,英國政府缺乏針對學障者的需要及相關服務協調的基本政策,而且整個健康與照顧專業中缺乏有力的領導者,以致於在保護這些弱勢者的任務上失敗了,這問題牽涉的不只是學習障礙專業人員而已。
根據報告內容,研究者最後提出三項建議:
一、 英國的醫療及社會服務組織應該立即反省,在既有體系中,學障者的各類需要是否可被發現,並依此需要開展相關服務計畫?針對學障者額外且複雜的需要,各地方政府所提供的服務是否足夠且有效?
二、 醫療及社會服務的政府官員,應確認是否有適當的監督機制和法規,來確定相關醫療社會組織確實執行其應提供學障者的法定服務。
三、 英國政府健康部門,應積極執行本份研究報告之建議事項、監督改善工作的進度,並在本報告發表後十八個月內報告執行結果。

【以上資料來自DPI資訊,並由殘障聯盟及伊甸社會福利基金會合作翻譯】


Ombudsmen call for review of care for people with learning disabilities
Date Published: 24/03/09
In a report laid before Parliament on 23 March 2009 Ann Abraham, Health Service Ombudsman and Jerry White, Local Government Ombudsman, called for an urgent review of health and social care for people with learning disabilities.
Six Lives: the provision of public services to people with learning disabilities
The report responds to complaints brought by the charity Mencap on behalf of the families of six people with learning disabilities who died whilst in NHS or local authority care between 2003 and 2005. The cases of Mark Cannon, 30; Warren Cox, 30; Edward Hughes, 61; Emma Kemp, 26; Martin Ryan, 43 and Tom Wakefield 20 and were brought to public attention in Mencap’s 2007 report Death by Indifference.
Six Lives shows that on many occasions basic policy and guidance were not observed, the needs of people with learning disabilities were not accommodated and services were unco-ordinated. The complex factors which led to these failures to protect vulnerable individuals demonstrate the need for stronger leadership throughout the health and care professions – this report is not solely a concern for specialists in learning disabilities.
Based on the findings of these investigations the Ombudsmen made three key recommendations in the report:
First, that all NHS and social care organisations in England should review urgently:
• the effectiveness of the systems they have in place to enable them to understand and plan to meet the full range of needs of people with learning disabilities in their areas;
and
• the capacity and capability of the services they provide and/or commission for their local populations to meet the additional and often complex needs of people with learning disabilities;
and should report accordingly to those responsible for the governance of those organisations within 12 months of the publication of the Ombudsmen’s report.
Secondly, that those responsible for the regulation of health and social care services (specifically the Care Quality Commission, Monitor and the Equality and Human Rights Commission) should satisfy themselves, individually and jointly, that the approach taken in their regulatory frameworks and performance monitoring regimes provides effective assurance that health and social care organisations are meeting their statutory and regulatory requirements in relation to the provision of services to people with learning disabilities; and that they should report accordingly to their respective Boards within 12 months of the publication of the Ombudsmen’s report.
Thirdly, that the Department of Health should promote and support the implementation of these recommendations, monitor progress against them and publish a progress report within 18 months of the publication of Ombudsmen’s report.

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